Orthopaedics dictionary

 

Imprint

Important remedy to the observation of the load areas of the loaded foot

 

Abduktion

Movement at which the limbs of the body middle are led away (abduziert).

 

Abrißfraktur

A small bone piece of tendons or ribbons fastened by the train to it tore off

 

Abzeß

Pus collection in the body in a locked cave

 

Achilles tendon

the strongest tendon in the human body, start at the heel bone

 

Achillodynie

Ache in the area of the Achilles tendon mainly at which go. Cause: Lowering crease foot, Bursitis

 

Adduktion

The limbs are approached the body middle movement, which.

 

Case history

Past history of an illness which gives up by questioning the patient properly

 

Aponeurose

tendon spread two-dimensionally e.g. under the sole of the foot

 

Apophyse

Bone excess, (at the heel bone heel spur )

 

Arteriosclerosis

degenerative calcification of the arteries appearing particularly after the 40th year of life

 

Arthropathie

Joint disease (see also Artrosis deformans )

 

Arthrosis-deformans

Chronic deformative joint disease which strongly affects stressed joints

 

Asepsis

Efforts to avoid shoots in the sore treatment

 

Atrophy

Tissue or muscle decline, e.g. by inactivity of muscles (quiet places by plaster )

 

Baker leg

popular expression for X leg

 

Baktericid

Bacterium killing

 

Band

Lat. Ligamentum. A bindegewebiger, tendon like cord, the bone supply connects the anatomy in

 

Intervertebral disc Prolaps

Intervertebral disc occurrence. Occurrence of the intervertebral disc lying between two whirl bodies

 

Leg sore

Lat. ulcus cruris. A sore which is mostly lying at the shin edge and extremely badly healing

 

Flexors

Lat. Flexoren. Muscles, which bones obliged to two by a joint approaching each other

 

Connective tissue

enclose muscles, tendons and blood vessels

 

Bindegewebsinflammation

Lat. Phlegmone. Infection of the connective tissue usually starting out from class skin injuries by baterielle pyogenic organisms

 

Haematoma

Hämatom. Outflow of blood into the connective tissue.

 

Blood vessels

Tubes consisting of connective tissue and muscles. One distinguishes three vessel species: 1. The arteries which lead the oxygen rich blood of the heart away. 2. The blood flows quite slowly in these and has the oxygen got by a membrane in the tissue the capillary.

3. The veins by which the blood enriched with reduction products is led back to the heart.

 

Bursitis

Bursa inflammation

 

Calcaneus

Heel bone, the biggest bone at the foot

 

Calcaneusapophyse

Knochenabsplitterung at the heel bone

 

Calcaneussporn

pointed or blunt bone excess, often arise from static being missing load, e.g. fallen arch /pl

 

Clavus

Corn

 

Dermatomykose

Fungal skin infection illness

 

Disinfection

Entkeimung, sterilization

 

Detorsion

Counter-turn proportionally heel for the bunion appearance

 

Distal

From the centre of a body remotely situated

 

Dorsal

Concerning the back. The back of the foot is the instep

 

Dorsal inflection

Movement to the back to. At the foot of increase up to

 

Dysfunction

Abnormal, diseased function of an organ

 

Dystonie

disturbed Tonuslage (tension condition of a body )

 

Dystrophy

Bad diet condition of an organ

 

Elephantiasis

Diseased, shapeless Verdickung of the skin

 

Epiphyse

The joint end of a long tube bone, Wachstumspalte

 

Exostose

Bone excess, e.g. heel spur

 

Heel bone

Lat. Calcaneus, the strongest bone at the foot

 

Flexoren

Flexors, train to the body middle

 

Fraktur

Fracture by violence

 

Boil

By penetrating from Eiterkokken into a hair skin a purulent inflammation caused

 

Footrests

other expression for temporary fillings, general but series product

 

Gangrän

numb limbs with diabetics

 

Joint

bone ends connected with each other by ribbons

 

Joint rheumatism

starts with swelling and severe pains acute by a stove infection

Gout

Illness at which there is an anomaly in the urine metabolism of the body

 

 

Hair vessels

Capillary

 

Heel foot

Foot deformity at which the Calcaneus (heel bone) extremely steeply stands

 

Haglund heel

Anomalität at which the heel bone is sharp-egded and without fatty tissue

 

Hallux-valgus

Usually of crooked big toe, Spreizung of the middle foot bones, sink in the crossways vault, too

 

Hämatom

Haematoma

 

Hammertoes

Steep position of the basic phalanges, often with Clavi (corns) on the inter-joints or plantar at the final phalanges

 

Fungal skin infection

p. Dermatomycose

 

Lumbago

Lumbago. Cross and loin pain entering suddenly and intensely

 

Hollow foot

At which the lengthways vault and thus also dder instep are bent open particularly strongly foot form, > pre-foot troubles <

 

Hip arthritis

Collective name for a number of inflammation processes in the hip joint

 

Hip glenoid cavity

Hip glenoid cavity and head form the hip joint > hip joint arthrosis <

 

Hüftkontraktur

Pains aroused by a constant shortening of muscles, tendons and ribbons.Inflammations play the leading role

 

Corn

p. Clavus

 

Hyperämie

blood overcrowding of a body region to an end of the cure or pain alleviation caused artificially

 

Hyperkeratose

excessive Verhornung, often at the feet by malpositions. Often leads to Rhagaden and Ulcera dangerous with diabetics. Amputation danger!Treatment by particularly trained chiropody institutes

 

Ideopathisch

Organic illness with an unknown cause

 

Immobilisierung

Fuss of the movability e.g. at ankle joint arthrosis

 

Immunization

Production of Unempfänglichkeit against illnesses > vaccination <

 

Inactivity atrophy

Muscle decline because of inadequate use > quiet position by plaster <

 

Indication

Circumstances which require certain medical measures in a certain case of illness

 

Coronary

Accumulation of substances in cavities of an organ which are strange

 

Infectious

Infectious

 

Infusion

Replenishment of the organism with larger liquid quantities

 

Injection

Injection of liquids into the body

 

Incubation period

Time period between an infection and the outbreak of the illness

 

Limping intermittently

Going interruptingly shopwindow illness, caused by pain in the lower extremities by lacking circulation > smoker leg

 

Intramuscular

Within a muscle

 

Irritation

Stimulus condition

 

Sciatica

Ache in the area of the Nervus ischiadicus. Enter if bone tumours, Geschwülste or purulent inflammations have an effect on the hip wickerwork

 

Small boat leg, shipping leg

One of the seven foot root bones

 

Capillary

Hair vessels. The finest branching of the arteries and veins

 

Capsule

Connective tissue encloses the joint bones

 

Sphenoid bone

Three sphenoid bones are in the foot root skeleton

 

Poliomyelitis

Polliomyelitis. Virus illness at which the gangliocytes (nerve cells) are damaged or destroyed in the spinal cord

 

Club-foot

Foot missing formation which is mostly innate or arisen paralysis which has become the arch of the foot in the extreme case to the tread

 

Crease foot

Foot deformity at which the heel bone shifts to the outside. A fallen arch /pl can arise in the consequence from this. Prophylaxis: Wear good leather shoes with a stable heel cap

 

Crease fallen arch /pl

Abdrehung of the heel bone after lateral (on the outside) at a simultaneous reduction in the lengthways vault. Often arise from ribbon weakness and not foot-contoured footwear

 

Heel pains

By the reduction in the front part of the heel bone the appearance point moves himself forwards. Since the heel bone, however, puts itself on also at the side, the appearance point moves himself also at the side. Through what leads to pain the perpendicular construction of the statics is changed. Remedy by matching exact temporary fillings

 

Ankle pains

arise from static changes if through this the joint areas stand to each other no longer congruently

 

Achilles tendons pains

These pains also can be brought with above-mentioned static changes in connection, they often arise from excessively high or flat, too! Heels

 

Knee arthritis

Gon arthritis. A number of different forms and causes gives it to the knee arthritis. Treatment by a specialist and orthop. Measures at the shoe or by temporary fillings

 

Kniekontraktur

Knee stiffening. Abrollhilfen by measures (rolling soles) at the series shoe or orthop. Made to measure shoe

 

Kneecap

Patella. The biggest sesame leg of the body

 

Fracture of the ankle

Arise from sudden Umknicken of the foot after a side

 

Bone (Lat. os )

The scaffolding forms the human and most animal body. The bones are bandaged by tendons, ribbons and capsules with each other

 

Bone atrophy

Reduction of the bone substance, by e.g. age this and the not use of strengthened or paralyzed limbs

 

Bone excess

Exostose, e.g. heel spur

 

Knochenbälkchen

The inner structure of the fungous bone substance, give the special compressive strength to the bone by a special growth orientation

 

Fracture

Fraktur. Complete by separation of the bone

 

Bone inflammation

Ostitis. Arise from pathogenes which reach the bone through the blood vessel or injury

 

Knochenerweichung

Osteomalizie. One bone system illness related the rickets

 

Knochenhypertrophie

Excessive bone growth

 

Bone marrow inflammation

Osteomyelitis. Purulent illness of the bone as a result of the spreading of Eitereregern

 

Bone tuberculosis

Bone disease by seed of Tuberkelbazillen

 

Cartilage

Supporting substance tissue which is available in many body areas

 

Collapse

Faint because of weakness of the vessel wall muscles appearing acutely

 

Contraindication

Contraindication. Circumstances which the application forbids in certain cases of otherwise useful measures

 

Kontraktur

Pulling together spontaneous constantly (shortening) of muscles

 

Contrary

Opposite

 

Claw toes

amplified form of the hammertoes

 

Cramp

muscle invigorates being carried out spontaneously together draw, mostly painful which last for some time and can not be solved willfully

 

Varicose veins

Variscose. Arising from vein flaps closing no longer correctly and "falling back" by the conditioned one the blood flowing back to the heart

 

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy. Use of physical exercises as special therapy form

 

Circulatory disorder

Circulation weakness. A disturbance of the circulation according to the removal of the efficiency can have two reasons: Either the heart denies in which the Pumpkraft falls off or the tension condition in the vein system reduces himself

 

Ball-and-socket joint

A joint which allows movements such as the hip joint in every direction

 

Professional error

Violation of recognized rules of science. The the professional error making can be made liable

 

Short foot muscles

They lie in the sole of the foot and cause a Plantarflexion of the toes as well as a Verspannung of the middle foot bones

 

Short wave treatment

A form of the electrotherapy which is used at rheumatic sufferings, neuritises, joint diseases and others

 

Unstable

swaying, unbeständig. e.g. unstable health condition

 

Paralysis

Abolition or reduction of the activity of an organ by illness or damage done to the nerves steering the organ function

 

Lengthways vault

Curvature of the sole of the foot of the front edge of the heel bone up to the middle foot little heads. P. also speaks one about the inner (middle) and outer (lateral) Längsgewölbe. crossways vault

 

Leather

Animal skin which is by the hair and the fatty tissue freed and tanned, greased and usually too coloured. Leathers used for foot orthopaedic purposes must have quite certain, special qualities

 

Lay thorn

Obsolete expression for corn (Clavus )

 

Last

According to the form and the measures of the foot of produced wood form over which the footwear is worked. Lasts laid out anatomically falsely cause anatomically false footwear which seems foot damaging.(Foot deformities )

 

Lisfranksches joint

Amputation line between foot root and Metartasalen

 

Lumbago

Lumbago

 

Luxation

Dislocation. Moving of the bone ends forming a joint against each other

 

Lymphdrüsen

Little boy distributes, peep till haselnußgroße capsules, at different points of the body for the infection defence

 

Lymph

Gewebsflüssigkeit which forms in the tissue and is brought to the blood circulation by special Lymphgefäße

 

Madurafuß

One in tropical countries, illness happening in India with bar pedestrians particularly. Certain fungi are considered as pathogenes

 

Malignant

Malignant . > malignant Melome, skin cancer

 

Malum

Evil, suffering > Malum perforans, skin sore particularly with diabetics

 

Middle

to the body centre line to

 

Meniscus

The friction prevents cartilage in the knee joint, between the bones forming the joint. The wedge shaped meniscus then gets operative hurt at M. damages, (today out-patient) removes

 

Meniscus injury

Predominating sports injuries with Schifahrern and footballers

 

Metal footrests

kind of Orthop went out of date. Temporary fillings are, only administered in cases indexed particularly

 

Metastasis (n )

Daughter growth or Eiterung, particularly dangerous at cancer illnesses

 

Metatarsalgie

Frequent symptom picture at splayfoot or hallux valgus. Ache by being missing load and lowering of the crossways vault in the pre-footwell.

 

Middle foot

Area between heels/anklebone and toe bones

 

Middle foot little head

Ends of the Matatarsalien. Together with the basic phalanges of the toes the toe joints are educational

 

Muscle

By contract ion these make movements of the joints possible in connection with the tendons

 

Muscle atrophy

Muscle decline by illness or inactivity of the muscle (plaster cast )

 

Muskelhämatom

Haematoma in a muscle because of an injury

 

Aching muscles

Painful hardening of the muscle as a result of overexertion

 

Muscle rheumatism

Collecting name for various painful illnesses of the muscles

 

Muskelruptur

Muskelzerreißung

 

Muscle tendon

Tearproof connecting piece of the muscle for the joint attachment

 

Pulled muscle

Out of a muscle stretching about the normal elasticity how only some muscle fibres tear up, however?

 

Mykose

Collecting name for illnesses which arise from fungi

 

Myom

good-natured muscle growth

 

Bed of nails

on which the nail plate pushes himself warped area at the final phalanges, (growth forwards )

 

Nail damages

Diseased changes to the Nägeln. s.auch chapter chiropody

 

Grain side

Topmost stratum of the dermis

 

Necrosis

local necrosis, i.e. dying of a tissue part in the living body, p. Gangrän

 

Nerves

The stimulus leading elements in the body which usually connect the central organs of the nervous system with the sense organs and the success organs in the form of cords, threads or fibres

 

Nerve diseases

Neuritises (Neuritis), nerve pains (neuralgia) nerve growth (Neurom )

 

Neurodermatosen

Illnesses of the skin nervous system

 

Neurodermatitis

Skin damage caused by nerve disease

 

Neuromuscular weakness

A muscle weakness because of insufficiency of the nerve activity

 

Neuropathic

assessed to nerve sufferings

 

Bandy leg

Deviation of the normal joint position of the row, mostly a result of the rickets

 

Thigh bone

the strongest bone of the human body

 

Oedema

diseased collection of watery liquid into the Lymphspalten of the tissues

 

Onychomykose

Nail illness caused by fungi

 

Orthopaedics

Special subject of the medicine which especially deals with the contraception and treatment of changes, disfigurements and curvatures of human skeleton parts as well as with the changes arising from it of her functional abilities

 

Orthopaedics technician

deals which ones shall give deformed parts of the body natural forms with production and customization of aids again

 

Orthopaedics shoe technician

foot clothes deal with the production of shoes, temporary fillings and foot spare parts more unhealthily or more inexpediently for the re-production of the going ability after accidents or by permanently carrying

 

Os, ossa (majority )

Lat. bone

 

Osteokarzinom

Bone cancer

 

Osteoporosis

Decline of the bone mass in favour of the marks zones. The older person gets smaller sign of old age ( )

 

Osteosklerose

Bone hardening

 

Ostitis

Bone inflammation

 

Papillar

wart like

 

Patella

Kneecap

 

Pathological

Emergence of an illness

 

Peripheral nerves

Irritate outside the central nervous system

 

Belt

Be based (traditional: belt, run )

 

Planus belts

Flat foot

 

Phalanges

Toe bone

 

Phlebitis

Vein disease

 

Plantaraponeurose

Two-dimensional tendon at the sole of the foot

 

Plantarflexion

Diffraction of the foot to below; Contrast: Dorsal inflection

 

Flat foot

Reduction in and rückzubildender condition of the foot not (contract )

 

Plexidur footrests

Today less common temporary filling species

 

Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis

 

Polyneuritis

Illness of several nerves

 

Post-operative

After the operation

 

Präoperativ

Before the operation

 

Prophylactic

Preventive

 

Proximal

Situation name of a part of the body to the body middle to; Contrast: Distal

 

Point ion

Pricking a cannula to the withdrawal of liquid in a cavity under the skin

 

Quadriceps

Four-headed muscle > extensor at the knee joint

 

Crossways vault

Curvature of the foot between 1st and 5th middle foot bones

 

Reflex

Communication independent of the will of a nerve reflex

 

Regeneration

New entity of tissue parts

 

Rider toe

How over the neighbouring toe a toe puts himself toe deformation distortion

 

Convalescence

The last section of an illness going out in recovery

 

Resection

Operative removal of an organ or part of the body

 

Resistance

Power of resistance

 

Rezidiv

Renewed outbreak of an illness gone off

 

Rhagaden

Schrunden, skin rip

 

Rörenknochen

Skeleton bones which consist of a compact middle (Diaphyse) and two final pieces which are short and built up by spongy bone mass (Epiphysen)

 

X rays

Extremely short-wave radiate with an exceptionally large penetration fortune

 

Ruptur

Zerreißung, Sehnenabriß

 

Sarcoma

Malignant bandage substance growth

 

Swing foot

Lengthways vault stepped convexly (kontrakter flat foot or Charkot )

 

Leg neck hernia

Hernia caused by Schwächerwerden of the bone substance in the advanced age

 

Shin

Lat. Tibia.

 

Shipping leg

also Kahnbein. Lat. os naviculare

 

Bursa

a little bag with protein-containing liquid. Serve for the Abpolsterung of tendons which run over bones.

 

Schleimb. inflammation

Bursitis. Can appear acutely or chronically. Often cause intense pains

 

Callus

A clear Verdickung of the top skin (Hyperkeratose) arises unsuitable shoes from a continuous abnormal pressure ( )

 

Tendon of Lat. Tendo

A connecting piece is between muscle and bones

 

Pulled tendon

Over-stretching of a tendon by a sudden excessive streching

 

Fallen arch /pl

The lowering foot lengthways vault because of Insuffiziens of the ribbon apparatus at gleichzeiter Abknickung of the heel bone to the outside (lowering crease foot )

 

Sesambeinchen

Cartilaginous slices in front of joints to the protection. The greatest p. is the kneecap in the human body

 

Sickle foot

Foot deformity at which the middle foot bones strongly are abgeknickt to inside and the heel bone takes a Varusstellung.

 

Scoliosis

Lateral curvature of the spinal column. Schuhzurichtungen must be compensating

 

Opening foot

Innate being missing form, indicated which, that himself by 1st and 2nd toe a deep opening hindurchzieht

 

Spastic

Caused convulsively convulsively by cramp

 

Pomeranian foot

A foot fixed in the toe stand arises from a diseased or accident conditioned change of the calf musculature

 

Spontanfraktur

Violence, most say fracture, without special because of a bone disease (tumour) or age atrophy

 

Spur

Bone lead, Calcaneussporn

 

Splayfoot

Spreizung of the middle foot bones and Abwinkelung of the big toe after lateral (on the outside )

 

Anklebone

Talus. One of the seven foot root bones

 

Ankle joint

The fork of the splint and fibula and the Talus are forming

 

Staphylococci

Ball bacteria which appear as pyogenic organisms in traubenförmigen communities

 

Subakut

Not quite acute. Going at Kranheiten less intensely

 

Subluxation

Incomplete dislocation, the joint ends did not get separated completely this one

 

Supination

At the foot of the increase in the inner foot edge opposite the outside

 

Sustentaculum tali

Heel bone balcony. The anklebone supports. Einlagenabstützpunkt

 

Symptom

Illness sign

 

Syphilis

Sex illness which can lead to the damage done to parts of the body and to sore formations in an advanced stage.

 

Talus

Anklebone, being part of the ankle joint

 

Tarsitis

Foot root inflammation

 

Tetanus

In physiology: normal Muskelz gie: normale Muskelzuckungen In der Pathologie: Tetanus caused by tetanus bacilli

 

Therapy

Teach of the treatment of the illnesses

 

Thrombosis

Education of Thromben by changes of the vein condition a) the vessel walls, b) the blood flow, c) the blood composition

 

Thromben/Thrombus

Blood clot in the blood vessels, at the most frequent in the veins

 

Tibia

Shin

 

Toxicology

Teach of the poisons

 

toxic

poisonous

 

Transplant

Communication of living tissue

 

Kick trace

Foot imprint.

 

Kick trace equipment

With the help of a rubber grid the pressure loads of the feet are shown.Important for the production of temporary fillings and shoes.

 

Tuberculosis

Infection disease, caused by Tuberkel bacilli. Every part of the body can be concerned by it

 

Tumour

Growth. One distinguishes between good and malignant tumours.

 

Ulcus

Sore. Majority Ulcera

 

Ulcus cruris

Leg sore. Healing often very badly because of an insufficient circulation

 

Valgus

Shifted or turned crookedly to the outside. Hallux valgus, crooked big toe, =

 

Varus

Contrast to Valgus

 

Vegetative nervous system

Nervous system which is autonomous and spontaneous, not put the will.Secretion ion regulates all life processes, this one with the metabolism, with the inner one, be connected with the blood distribution and supply.

 

Veins

Hautige tubes in which the blood flows back to the heart

 

Phlebitis

Inflammation of the vein wall, most in areas in which the bloodstream is slowed down.

 

Vein flaps

Preventing the dropping of the blood contrary to the flow direction at a full function

 

Dislocation

Moving of the bone ends caused by a violent action

 

Vitality

Vitality

 

Cramp in the calf

Contract ion of the muscles caused by overexertion or missing chemical substances (magnesium)

 

Wart

Rugged elevation of the skin, being pin-head causes till pea-size by viruses

 

Spinal column curvature

lateral: Skoliose. to behind: Kyphose., forwards lordosis

 

X leg

Deviation of the normal joint position of the knee through which the lower legs do not stand vertically and therefore do not support the weight vertically

 

Zehenverwachsungen

Innate being missing formations, double toes

 

Twin muscle

Be part of the superficial lower leg musculature

 

Cyst

Growth containing liquid e.g. in bursae

    

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Orthopädie-Schuhtechnik i.R.

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Inhaltlich Verantwortlicher gemäß § 6 MDStV ist Werner Schröder.

 

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